General Aspects of EU Law I: EU Law for Non-Lawyers - Introduction

Date: 02 May 2023

Time: 09:00

Duration: 3 days

Location: Luxembourg (LU)

Cost: € 1275 - € 1415

Organiser: ECJL - European Centre for Judges and Lawyers/EIPA Luxembourg

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What is the EU? who does what in the EU? And what does the EU do for its citizens? Addressing these major questions, this three-day course will provide you with a concentrated, in-depth introduction to the legal system of the EU and the most important principles governing the adoption and enforcement of EU law. The first module introduces the fundamental characteristics of the EU legal system and provides an overview of the system of legal acts adopted at the EU level as well as the decision-making process for the adoption of EU law. The second module addresses the interpretation, application and enforcement of EU law, including through various procedures before the Court of Justice of the European Union. The third module provides an overview of the substantive action of the EU in the Internal Market, the protection of fundamental rights, and in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice.

The course relies on practical examples and where relevant, will shed light on recent developments to illustrate the contents.

The programme is divided into three modules to offer you flexibility in adapting the course to your needs. Each module can be attended separately. If you prefer to attend only one of the modules, please select module 1, module 2 or module 3.

Module 1. The fundamental characteristics of the EU legal system and the production of EU law

This module studies the repartition of competences of the EU and Member States in the regulation of policy sectors, analyses how the various types of EU legal acts are adopted at the EU level, and comments on their respective legal force and their impact on state authorities and individuals. It also explains the fundamental concepts (primacy, direct effect, state liability, etc.) governing the relations between EU and national law, and their practical consequences on the daily work of national magistrates, law enforcers, members of the legislative authorities, etc.

Module 2. Interpretation, application and enforcement of EU law

This module depicts the organisation of the judicial space in the EU, clarifying the respective role of the Court of Justice of the EU (CJEU) and the national jurisdictions in the enforcement of EU legality. Secondly, it describes the structure and competences of the CJEU. Finally, it provides a practical account of the various procedures which may be brought before the CJEU by EU institutions, Member States, and natural and legal persons to contest the legality of EU action to prosecute an alleged breach of EU law by a Member State, or to interrogate the Court about the meaning of an EU law provision.

Module 3. Introduction to substantive EU law : the Internal Market, the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice and the protection of fundamental rights

This module provides an introduction to how EU law regulates key policy areas. We will cover the basics of fundamental freedoms in the Internal Market, the specific rights arising from EU citizenship including the freedom of movement and residence. We will also present the EU’s system of protection of fundamental rights and we will provide an introduction to the EU’s Area of Freedom, Security and Justice, within which the EU has been developing its asylum policy as well as judicial cooperation.

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